Yarn history

15/11/2021

It is said that the thread appeared in the Upper Paleolithic in the form of a cord created with vegetable fibers or animal skin that were cut into thin strips and that were used to close the skins of animals that were used to cover the bodies. 

Most textile fibers, except silk and synthetic fibers, do not exceed a few centimeters in length, so the spinning process is necessary. It has approximately 30 fibers in each strand. 

The spinning technique spread in Egypt, where they were able to efficiently use vegetable fibers or animal wool to create high-quality fabrics and some models are still preserved today. 

In Chinese culture, silk was developed as a fiber and from here it went to other countries: India, Persia and Greece (where it would be considered a luxury item) and to Rome. The breeding of silkworms came to Spain in the s. VIII, in Sicily and Naples in the 12th century and in France in the 17th century.

The first mechanical aid for hand spinning was the use of the distaff, where a band or strap was passed from the wheel to the spindle. In this way, when the wheel was turned, the spindle moved faster than when it was done by hand. The first country to use the spinning wheel was India. Later in the Middle Ages it passed to Europe and it is known that in the s. XVI two types of spinning wheels were used: Jersey and Saxony. In the middle of the 18th century, spinning was one of the main businesses in England; A weaver named Hargreaves devised a spinning wheel that made more than one yarn at a time, but the yarn was very thick and coarse. Later Ricardo Arkwright patented a machine that could spin many strands at the same time and in turn each strand was beautiful and strong. But perfection was not achieved until Samuel Crompton patented his spinning mule. 

And already in the 18th century, spinning ended up being one of the main trades, especially in England. 

With the passage of time, the Industrial Revolution and the creation of fashion as a concept, promoted the textile sector and with it the creation of higher quality yarns. 

Today we can count on an immense variety of threads for sewing, each one with a special use to get the most out of our sewing projects. 

With the use of new fabrics and machinery, new measures are required as to which thread to use so that the final garment is resistant over the years. 

If it comes from vegetable fibers such as cotton, they will not have a very high resistance. However, those that come from animal or synthetic fibers contain a higher consistency, being stronger and more resistant. This does not mean that one thread is better than another, it will depend on the level of finish you need for your sewing. 

Generic thread: also known as tergal, they are the most used since they can be used to sew all kinds of fabrics, both by machine and by hand. They are made of polyester, which makes them strong, and they also give a bit, which makes them very manageable, affordable and easy to find in any color. With this thread you can sew curtains, clothes, etc. 

Basting thread: it is made with cotton, and since it is not as resistant as threads made of polyester, it is not advisable to use it for sewing machines, but for basting by hand, since it breaks easily. 

Embroidery thread: These are usually made of cotton, rayon, or even metallic. They come on reels and there are different thicknesses to suit our work. 

Elastic thread: Ideal for sewing swimsuits, sportswear or fabrics such as lycra. In addition, it is a must for gathering seams with ease. 

Nylon or wool coil thread: It is ideal for overlockers since it is a fine and strong thread. Twist thread: it is a strong and thick thread that is used to finish seams or sew buttons, since it gives a little volume to that seam. It is widely used in the hems of jeans or canvas. 

Silk thread: It is ideal for sewing silky fabrics although its price is higher. It is somewhat slippery to use, but it gives a distinctive luminous and decorative finish, making it a good bet for lingerie items or items that require a decorative finish. 

Cotton yarn: we can find it today in a wide assortment of colors, there are several thicknesses, but the most common is 50. You can use it for cotton garments, natural fabrics, for allergy sufferers, for darning, etc.